Page 16 - April 2021
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     COVER STORY
  Above: Dr Pramod Kale with Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Prof Satish Dhawan; Right: With Dr A P J Abdul Kalam
SPACE TECH & EDUCATION
Dr Sarabhai had recognised very early that ISRO can play a very important role in the development of human resources and hence when the Experimental Satel- lite Communication Earth Station (ESC- ES) was established in Ahmedabad, the responsibility of organising and running training courses for space communica- tions was undertaken there. The Indian Institute of Remote Sensing provides necessary training and education to a large number of Indians. The Centre for Space Science and Technology Education in Asia and the Pacific, which is affiliated to the UN, organises and runs training programs in Space Communications, Space Meteorology, Space Navigation, Remote Sensing and Space Science.
Right from the beginning, ISRO has worked towards capacity development of the users of the data and informa- tion generated by our satellites. ISRO has established many Regional Remote Sensing Service Centres and helped in establishing Remote Sensing Application Centres in most of the states.
ISRO has maintained excellent link- ages with academic institutions. Many professors from IITs, IISC, IISERs and universities have regularly participated and contributed in technical reviews of our satellites and launch vehicles. In many IITs, cells devoted to work in the areas of Space Science and Technology have been established by ISRO.
ISRO has a good structured pro- gramme RESPOND for Sponsored Re- search to be carried out in colleges and universities. In order to get the necessary trained human resource, ISRO has estab- lished the Indian Institute of Space Tech- nology, which is at par with the IITs.
THE WAY AHEAD
The first human being in the Earth’s orbit was Yuri Gagarin. Since then, a large number of persons have gone to space and come back. Rakesh Sharma went aboard Soyuz in 1984. Now we are planning the use of a three-person cap- sule aboard the GSLV Mark III vehicle. This is one of ISRO’s most ambitious programmes. Just the spinoffs of the technology developed will be extremely valuable for the food processing industry and for the medical profession.
Commercial utilisation of space tech- nology is a vast business. ISRO has an active Technology Transfer and Tech- nology Utilisation programme. ISRO/
The data from ISRO remote sensing satellites has great demand worldwide. And the high reliability of the PSLV launch vehicle has resulted in the demand for launch services from India.
Department of Space had established the Antrix Corporation in 1992 and now the New Space India Limited has been established. These entities are given the responsibility to market ISRO services worldwide. The data from ISRO remote sensing satellites has great demand worldwide. The high reliability of the PSLV launch vehicle has resulted in the demand for launch services from India.
The communication technology is continuously changing. While the opti- cal fibre communications systems as well as the wireless systems are extensively growing, the need for space communi- cations for broadcasting will remain for a very long time. Similarly, the need for space communications for the Maritime Mobile, Aero Mobile communications and earth observations will also exist.
Space tourism and mining for mate- rials in space will become very important in future. These activities will require special attention in terms of Space Law, International Treaties, Space Insurance
and National Security. We will require human resource working in every disci- pline to contribute to our future devel- opment. It is not necessary to be a sci- entist to contribute to the national space effort. Opportunities are available for anybody with a passion for Space.
*The writer is former Director, Space Applications Centre, ISRO, and former Director, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, ISRO.
  16 SCIENCE INDIA APRIL, 2021
           Images Courtesy: Dr Pramod Kale

















































































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