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                               READERS’ SQUARE
  ‘THE EDITION ON WOMEN SCIENTISTS MADE ME
FEEL PROUD’
Ours has been a year long knowl- edge laid journey with Science India magazine and definitely I keep waiting for every month’s Tear Away Poster, which occupies a special space inside my son’s wardrobe door. And no doubt, I immediately start and also finish the whole magazine without a break .This month’s theme being Women - The Pathfinders, made me feel proud and ecstatic
to get to know about pioneering
women achievers scaling peaks in every field.
Article on Living Legend Smt Papammal was very soulful and inspiring , which I read out to my son, and definitely I felt that these lead by examples are the much needed hour for our younger generations to lookup .
Have to mention the pages on Tech Talk, where we get updated about the new innovations .
Thanks to your entire team for giving readers ,a blissful ride in the science world.
Chitra Manjunath, Computer Teacher, Bangalore
  tices. With the advantage of her long age and good health, she could revive many best practices that were in vogue in the pre-Independence era. She grew pulses such as butter beans, horse gram, green gram, cow peas, native vegetables such as flat beans, brinjal and ladies finger. Now she retains 2.38 acres of land; she has sold the rest as that is how much she is able to work on at this age.
She has been a stickler for perfec- tion and believes that she might not save
Even at her grand old age, Papammal continues to work in her fields
much, if she employed farm hands. She, therefore is used to working on the farm by herself. Her extended family includ- ing her sister’s children help her in the chores. She would wake up by 3.00 am every day, have some fermented rice (pazhya soru is a traditional dish across rice eating cultures where left- over cooked rice is left in a bowl of water overnight and consumed the next day) with raw onions and fried dry chillies pickled in curds as a side dish.
Papammal attributes her health and her thick shock of white, healthy hair (which she bundles up with pride) to the native food she has had all through her life. Boiled millets such as Kambu (pearl millet), Kudhiraivali (barnyard millet), Samai (little millet), Thinai (fox- tail millet), Ragi (finger millet) are part of her diet, along with vegetables and greens. During her childhood, rice was a luxury, and was available to her family on special occasions such as the festivals of Pongal or Diwali. She also makes it a point to mention that for the last 50 years, since 1970, she has been having her food on banana leaf and that she
With the advantage of her long age and good health, she could revive many best practices that were in vogue in the pre-Independence era
believes is the secret of her health and long life.
Pappamal is happy with her achieve- ments but says with humility that it is just a coincidence she is being recog- nised as an achiever. The Padma Shri awarded to her this year is the crowning achievement amongst all. The people of the Mudaliar community to which she belongs, her village, her district and the Kongu region (part of western Tamil Nadu) are proud of the recognition she has brought. She had a personal audience with the Prime Minister Narendra Modi last month on February 24, at his invita- tion in Coimbatore and she blessed him for the service he is doing for the country and the world.
Papammal is 105, and is going strong.
*The writer is State Secretary, Arivial Sangam, Tamil Nadu state unit of Vijnana Bharati, and Founder- CEO of Green Wear India, Erode
MARCH, 2021 SCIENCE INDIA 37
  I am an under graduate student of Journalism from Pune. Through the column of your esteemed magazine, I would like to put forth my
views on my
experience
of reading
Science India
magazine.
While reading
the Science
India magazine,
it was interest-
ing to note how
the magazine is
revolving around
three major ideas that is: Swadeshi, Women in the field of Science & Technology; and COVID-19. But something which connected me to all three ideas all at once was the concept of attaining independence and self- reliance which is beautifully reflected in each and every article.
Most empowering line for me was from Dr Rohini Godbole’s interview, “I’m a scientist, not a woman scien- tist!” Science India magazine has left me both astonished and proud. Wish- ing good luck to Science India.
Jai Hind!
Shivani Pachori B.A-JMC DY Patil International University, Pune
It gives me immense pleasure to express my view on the issues of the magazine of Science India.
It’s a good initiative to make people aware across the globe about India and its academic, scientific and culture. It has explained Science and
Spirituality in a beautiful way. It tells the
contribution of Indian scientists like
CV Raman and he gave
Raman Effect to the world. In each issue,
new things are included like impor- tance of Ayurveda in the pandemic of COVID-19 due to the SARS-CoV-2.
I do agree that our tradition-
al knowledge like Tulsi, Giloy, Amla, etc. have increased our immunity and we are able to fight against the infec- tion caused by novel coronavirus.
In the last decade, India has done a lot in the area of Science and Technology.
Earlier, I was not aware of this magazine and came to know about this from a dear colleague of mine, Dr. Rajeev Singh. I thank him for introducing me to Science India.
Dr. Prashant Singh Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry, Atma Ram Sanatan Dharma College, University of Delhi , New Delhi-11002
I want to make a special mention about one article in March 2021 issue of Sci- ence India —- “Woman Scientists: The Reality Beyond Myths,
False Notions”. It is
about the book Lilava-
ti’s Daughters. Though
I have been teaching
science for over a de-
cade, I wasn’t aware
of this book. After
reading the review of
this book, I searched it
on Internet and got it. Thrilled to read the complete book, works and achieve- ments of woman scientists. Thanks
to Science India for making us aware about new things.
A suggestion I would like to make here: Science India magazine must be on Digital platform for wider reach.
Dr Snehlata Joshi Lecturer of Chemistry, Dehradun
                4 SCIENCE INDIA APRIL, 2021
            Images Courtesy: Left: reditt.com; Right: Internet
Raman Effect: A Giant Leap
for Science in India
Sir CV Raman’s Nobel Prize was not just a historic achievement but a veritable morale booster for India’s scientific community and its research
n Ayan Datta
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (7 November, 1888 - 21 Novem- ber, 1970), more well-known as Sir CV Raman, was a stalwart of modern Indian Science. He was the first Indian and Asian to receive a Nobel Prize in science.
He was a great supporter of science without artificial boundaries or confine- ments of subjects. In fact, throughout his long and active scientific career he worked on several diverse subjects like astronomy, meteorology and physiology. He made many scientific discoveries in acoustics, optics, magnetism, and crys- tal physics. Raman also made significant contributions towards understanding of the physics of Indian musical instru- ments and clearly established the rich acoustical knowledge of ancient India.
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
Raman is, of course, most well- known for the discovery of a phenom- enon named after him, the Raman Ef- fect, on 28 February, 1928 — the day is now celebrated in India as National Sci- ence Day every year. Raman was, at that time, Sir Tarakanath Palit chair profes- sor at Calcutta University, which, even though a highly respectable academic position, gave a salary at least five times less than what he was earning from his extremely well-paid job in the financial
civil services. Yet, he resigned from that job to join as the Palit professor in Cal- cutta University.
on experiments till 9.30 am, he quickly returned home, took a bath, had his breakfast on the run and reached the Calcutta University, which was four miles away. After finishing his lectures and other academic duties, he would again come back to IACS at around six in the evening and work in the labora- tory till midnight. Such was the course and tempo of his life throughout his fruitful scientific career.
The fact that Raman showed scant regard to material prospects and did not hesitate to quit a lucrative position clearly shows the deep commitment he had for science. He would reach Indian Association for Cultivation of Science (IACS) at six in the morning and for this he chose a residence just behind the back door entrance of IACS so that he could enter and work in the laboratory any time, day or night. After carrying
In the afternoon of February 28, 1928, Raman and his extremely bril- liant student, KS Krishnan examined
FEBRUARY, 2021 SCIENCE INDIA 17
MARCH 2021 VOL 19 ISSUE 61 www.scienceindiamag.in PUBLISHED BY VIJNANA BHARATI
Connecting science and people with an Indian perspective
THE PATHFINDERS
India’s pioneering female scientists did not let their gender come in the way of scaling peaks in a largely male domain, paving way for millions of young girls of the country to dream big
WHY TEJAS IS A MORALE BOOSTER FOR DEFENCE SECTOR
LESSONS FROM FLASH FLOODS IN TECTONICALLY- ACTIVE HIMALAYAS
THE YOUNG WOMAN WHO CROSSED SEVEN SEAS
TO STUDY MEDICINE
All Images Courtesy: Internet
BOOKS
Woman Scientists
The Reality Beyond Myths, False Notions
The anthology, Lilavati’s Daughters:
The Women Scientists of India, published a decade ago, made readers aware of bright minds and also served up role models for young aspirants
n Akshaya Mishra
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38 SCIENCE INDIA MARCH, 2021
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Image Courtesy: Raman Research Institute, Bengaluru
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