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         IN FOCUS: INDIAN SPACE RESEARCH ORGANISATION (ISRO)
Where The Premium Is On Dreaming Big
This is the story of an organisation that has scripted the most heartwarming tale of self-belief, grit and determination of a young nation
enous satellite launch capability. Following the untimely demise of Dr Homi Jehangir Bhabha on January 24, 1966, Dr Sarabhai became the Chair- man of Atomic Energy Commission. He propounded the importance of nuclear research for societal benefits. He laid the foundation of the Fast Breeder Reactor at Kalpakkam in Tamil Nadu and the Uranium Corporation in Jharkhand. He was nominated as Scientific Chairman for the Committee on Atomic Research and Outer Space for Peaceful Purposes
in the United Nations.
Dr Sarabhai believed in mass com-
munication and brought forth the con- cept of Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE) using the services of NASA’s ATS-6 communication satellite for one year.
Meanwhile, Dr Sarabhai and team operationalised the Sriharikota Range-SHAR on October 9, 1971 with
 n Science India Bureau
Dr Vikram Sarabhai, the Fa- ther of the Indian space pro- gramme, started working to- wards rocketry in 1961. He recruited talented scientists like Dr A P J Abdul Kalam, Prof U R Rao and many oth- ers. He succeeded in getting cooperation from advanced nations like the USA, the erstwhile USSR and France for setting up basic facilities in the country.
In August 1961, the Government of India formed the Indian National Com- mittee on Space Research (INCOSPAR) under DAE (Department of Atomic En- ergy) with Dr Sarabhai as Chairman, which eventually transformed into the
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in 1969.
EARLY DAYS
Dr Sarabhai established the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) at Thiruvananthapuram in 1963. On November 21, 1963, the first Nike-Apache rocket was successfully launched from TERLS, which was re- garded as the beginning of the India’s journey into Space.
He also established the basic infra- structure like Space Science and Tech- nology Centre (SSTC) in Thiruvanan- thapuram and the Experimental Satellite Communication Earth Station (ESCES) in Ahmedabad, for developing indig-
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