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         Science Behind Kumbh Mela
There is a reason why Kumbh Mela is celebrated every 12 years in a country that invented micro-macro units of time
hayuga) was evolved. Yuga, as the very name suggests, was measured as per time taken in the meeting of one or more moving heavenly bodies at a particular point in a particular time.
Five years were taken as the ini- tial unit of a Yuga. The concept of the five-year Yuga was evolved owing to the meeting of the Sun and Moon in Dhanistha constellation. Dhanistha constellation is a part of the Kumbha sign. Here it may also be informed that the Sun and the Moon meet together in a particular constellation after every five years. Every fifth year on the first day of the bright half of Magha month when the earth’s northern hemisphere tends towards the sun, the sun and the moon get conjunct with Dhanistha constella- tion. The same fact has been disclosed in Vedanga Jyotisa (6) as follows:
 n Prof (Dr) Ravi Prakash Arya
Kumbh Mela has a significant place in Indian culture. It is be- ing celebrated since time imme- morial. Kumbha Rasi, Dhanistha Naks- tra and Magha month are associated with the celebrations of Kumbh Mela. The concept of Kumbha Mela has its origin in the Indian time reckoning sys-
tem. Vedic seers of India invented the Vedic calendar which is the base of all the calendars developed on the globe. From micro to macro units of time were invented in this country. Truti is the smallest micro unit which is equal to 33750th part of the second and 100 Brahma years is the highest macro unit of time which is equal to 311 trillion years. While measuring the time period, ancient Indians invented various units of time based on astronomical events like days, weekdays, fortnights, months and years.
For higher units of time, the con- cept of the Yuga system ranging from the minimum period of five years to the maximum period of 43,20,000 (Ma-
 46 SCIENCE INDIA APRIL, 2021
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