Page 47 - April 2021
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           KUMBH SANDESH YATRA
 A 7500 km-long Kumbh Sandesh Yatra began from Kanyakumari to Haridwar via Delhi on February 27 and culminated on March 31, cov- ering several states. A Pada Yatra of 250 km was taken out from Delhi to Haridwar in the last leg.
Launched by Gramodaya Cham- ber of Commerce and Technology, the Yatra covered other Kumbh Mela locations — Nashik, Ujjain and Prayagraj.
The Kumbh Sandesh Yatra was flagged off by Swami Chaitan- yananda of Vivekananda Ashram and Tamil Nadu State BJP’s co-in charge, P Sudhakar Reddy.
The objective of the Yatra was the revival of Indian tradition, in which various socio-religious organisa- tions participated.
Kumbh Sandesh Yatra has been initiated as a part of a larger agenda of ‘MISSION 5151’, whose
objective includes exploring and showcasing Indian wisdom of alternative and indigenous medi- cines; exploring the Indian deep- rooted socio, cultural, economic and spiritual practices for globally inclusive and sustainable empow- erment; promoting Indian cultural rejuvenation, among others.
Upon reaching Haridwar, the Kumabh Sandesh Yatra team members interacted with partici- pants of the Kumbh Mela including Akhara Parishads and recorded the important proceedings. The discussions shall be published as ‘Kumbh Sandesh’.
According to the Mission 5151, the age-old practice of our sages- from different parts of our country coming to the Kumbh Mela to share their knowledge in the form of a message in the context of the changing social scenarios is called ‘Kumbh Sandesh’.
 LojkØers s lkes kdksZ ;nk lkda loklokAS
L;kR rnk··fn;xq a ek?kLri% ‘kDq y·s ;ua ánq D AA
So, five-year Yuga finds its curren-
cy at the very beginning of the present creation.
After the moon and the sun, Jupiter occupies a prominent place in Indian culture. Jupiter is considered the Guru of the Suras, i.e. the people tenanting the eastern hemisphere, because Jupi- ter rises in the east and sets in the west like the Sun. For the people in the west- ern hemisphere (Asuras), the Sun rises when it sets in the west (from the point of view of Suras) and sets when it rises in the east. The rising and setting trend of Venus is also from west to east, so Ve- nus was known as the Guru of Asuras. Jupiter takes about 12 years to complete its course around the Sun, so the limit of Yuga was further extended from five to 12 years on the basis of the revolution period of Jupiter. When the Jupiter tenets Dhanistha constellation every 12 years, Kumbha Mela is celebrated. Thus the Kumbha Mela celebrations mark the be- ginning of the Jupiter Yuga of 12 years.
To extend the limit further, the five- year-Yuga was studied with respect to Jupiter and so the limit of Yuga was ex- tended to 12 x 5 = 60 years. The Yuga of 60 years commenced for the first time when the conjunction of Jupiter also took place in Dhanistha constellation along
with the moon and the sun after the lapse of 86 crore 50 lakh (865 million) years of the present Kalpa. In fact, Jupiter’s conjunction along with the moon and the sun in Dhanistha constellation takes place after every 86 crore and 50 lakh (865 million) years and this type of oc- casion occurs only five times in a Kalpa.
This has also been supported by the following reference of Visnudharmotta- ra Purana quoted in Vallalasena’s work called Adbhuta Sagara. The verse is:
ek?k ‘kDq y lekjEHks pUækdk SZ oklo{kxZ kAS
tho;äq ks ;nk L;krka “k”VîCnkfnLrnk HkoRsAA
It can be translated as:
The sixty years Yuga cycle com-
mences with the conjunction of the Jupiter with the Moon and the Sun in Dhanistha constellation on the first day of the bright half of Magha month
Here one may raise a question. As- vini was the first constellation to start with. It also marked the commencement of the present Kalpa. Why then Dhanist-
ha constellation was given importance in calculating 5, 12 and 60-year Yuga cycles. The reason behind this was the first avatara (incarnation) of Visnu which took place in Prabhava Samvat- sara in the form of Matsya which means that aquatic organisms came first on the earth. Prabhava Samvastsara occurs in Kumbha Rasi, Dhanistha Nakstra and 2nd day of the bright half of Magha month. In fact, the present Vaivasvata Manvantara also started on the 7th day of the bright half of Magha month. To sum up, one can safely say that the Kumbha Mela is celebrated owing to the transition of Jupiter in Kumbha Rasi ev- ery 12 years.
*The writer is Chair Professor at Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati Chair (UGC), Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak. He is former direc- tor of the Indian Foundation for Vedic Science and former Principal, Govern- ment Degree Colleges, Haryana.
 APRIL, 2021 SCIENCE INDIA 47
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