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Lord Kelvin, the doyen of modern science, was overwhelmed with Bose’s success. Bose had no desire to achieve scientific success for his personal gratification, but struggled to win for his countrymen recognition of their capacity for science. He cherished a dream of establishing an institute for Science essential for the modern revival of the ancient scientific tradi- tion of India. His vision was to bring back that lost reverence to his motherland by generating knowledge through scientific research. Bose, a first non-white scientist who created radiant imprints in the domain of modern science, was driven with a nationalistic spirit.
Another illustrious scientist, who was a close friend of Bose and put his heart in the nationalistic pursuit of science to regain the lost status as an intellectual leader of the world to his country, was Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray. To raise the diminishing spirit of Indians he wrote the book, History of Hindu Chemistry highlighting the remarkable development of chemistry in India from early times and how it has contributed
  Paying tributes to these science warriors will be meaningful if we could imbibe their spirit and understand their dream about swatantra Bharat
to the development of modern chemistry. In a similar vein, to cultivate self-confidence in the hearts of countrymen to achieve self-reliance, he suc- cessfully established a first science-based swadeshi in- dustry, the Bengal Chemical and Pharmaceutical Works, in 1901. He said once, ‘no po- litical renaissance is possible without the full development of the intellectual (scientific) and industrial resources of the country.’ Alongside, he assisted revolutionaries in preparing explosives. So, the British administration liter- ally recorded his name as a
 Acharya PC Ray (sitting, centre) with fellow scientists
‘revolutionary in the garb of a scientist’.
Along with Dr Mahendralal Sircar, JC Bose and
PC Ray, the galaxy of leading lights of Indian science initiated a vigorous and creative struggle in the do- main of science to achieve swatantrata. It is extremely difficult to estimate their awesome contributions. The sheer immensity of their offerings suggests that by all means they will be remembered as the epoch-makers in swatantra Bharat, as they laid the foundation for the development and progress of science to be utilised for national resurrection and reconstruction.
Paying tributes to these science warriors will be truly meaningful and fruitful if we could imbibe their spirit and understand their dream about swatantra Bharat, and take pledge to make ourselves worthy to walk that spirit and strive hard to realise their dream.
*The writer is Chief Editorial Advisor, Science India
 AUGUST, 2021 SCIENCE INDIA 11
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