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         COLLECTOR’S EDITION
 Seeb Chunder Nandy, inspector-in- charge of the telegraphic line during the 1857 Revolt, was overlooked for promotion by the colonial rulers despite rendering excellent service to his employers
and others requested Lord Curzon to give recognition to Bandhyopadhyay. Lord Curzon saw to it that he was giv- en King Edward VII’s Gold Medal in 1903 during the Delhi Durbar by the Duke of Connaught. Bandopadhyaya was disappointed when Ross published his memoirs, with a full account of the Great Malaria Problem and its solution, in 1923, without mentioning his name. In a few places he had mentioned his as- sistant, but not by name. He eventually refused to meet Ross, who revisited the Presidency General Hospital in 1927.
The British had a deceitful atti- tude towards Indian scientists. Seebc- hunder Nandy, inspector-in-charge of the telegraphic line under Dr William Brooke O‘Shaughnessy, rendered ex- cellent services to the British govern- ment during the Mutiny of 1857 by se- curing the telegraphic communications between Calcutta and Bombay. When Dr O‘Shaughnessy became Director- General of Telegraphy, two Englishmen were appointed Superintendent and As- sistant Superintendent but Nandy con-
tinued as Inspector despite showing his loyalty to the British during the mutiny. It is interesting to note the bigotry of the British government here — while they did not elevate him professionally, he was appeased with honours such as Rai Bahadur to raise him in social hierarchy.
There are numerous evidences which highlight the discrimination faced by even those Indian scientists who had distinguished themselves in renowned British Universities. They were offered inferior positions than the Europeans of the same grade and rank. In those
There are numerous evidences which highlight the discrimination faced by even those Indian scientists who had distinguished themselves in renowned British Universities
days, the British thought that Indians were not capable of holding high posts in educational service and thus Impe- rial Educational Service (IES) was out of their bounds, however qualified they might be. The IES was accessible only through nomination. This policy put the Europeans at an advantage to get a place in the education department through the IES, while Indian scientists had to remain in the Provincial Educational Service (PES), and were given half the salary of their counterparts in the IES.
THE INDIAN RESPONSE
This ‘apartheid’ in science made the In- dians respond strongly. JC Bose, the first noted Indian physicist who was nomi- nated by Lord Ripon, then Viceroy of India, for Imperial Educational Service was strongly opposed by Sir Alfred Croft, then Director of Public Instruc- tion of Bengal, and Charles R. Tawney, Principal of the Presidency College. Croft said: ‘I am usually approached from below, not from above. There is no higher class appointment at present available in the Imperial Educational Service, I can only offer you a place in the Provincial Service, from which you may be promoted.’ Even after personal intervention of Lord Ripon, he was given appointment on a temporary basis with half-pay. Bose protested, the first Satya- grah of the colonial period, but contin- ued his teaching assignment at Presiden- cy College for three years, refusing to accept the reduced salary. Not only this, till the Royal Society recognised Bose, the college authorities refused him any research facility and considered his work as purely private. Finally, the authorities fully realised the value of Bose’s skill in teaching and his appointment was made permanent with retrospective effect and was given the full salary for the pending three years.
Another noted Indian chemist, Acharya PC Ray had also suffered similarly. On his return from Edin- burgh University, England, in 1888 with a doctorate in chemistry, he had to hang around for a year and was finally offered a temporary assistant profes- sorship whereas British chemists with
  18 SCIENCE INDIA AUGUST, 2021
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