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  with the British. They developed their own labs with almost no support and performed world-class research. More- over, they also paved the way for young emerging scientific brains by providing necessary guidance and facilities. Sir C V Raman was one such young scientist who later got the first Nobel Prize for any Asian in a science discipline. In this endeavour, people who are were not hardcore scientists also contributed a lot. To name a few, Dr Mahendralal Sir- car, Sister Nivedita, Pt Madan Mohan Malaviya also acted as major pillars for the emergence of national scientists.
MAHENDRALAL SIRCAR
Mahendralal Sircar was born on No- vember 2, 1833, at Paikpara village in Howrah district, near Kolkata. Dr Sir- car was the second medical graduate from the Calcutta Medical College in 1863. He was the president of the Bengal branch of the British Medical Associa- tion. Earlier, he was a staunch critic of the Homeopathic system of medicine. In one case, he found the Homeopathic system more effective than the Eng- lish system of medicine. Then he went through homoeopathy scientifically and systematically and understood the sci- ence behind it. Later, he presented his
Sir CV Raman (extreme left), first Asian to win the Nobel Prize in science, with other winners in 1930
understanding in a meeting of the Brit- ish Medical Council. Consequently, he had to face much opposition and was re- moved from his position in the council.
Later, Dr Sircar realised the impor- tance of promoting Indian science and established the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS) in 1876 after 10 years of continuous ef- forts. IACS was funded and run by In- dian people. It was involved in preparing and helping Indian scientists to compete at the international level. It was also in- volved in popularising science through lectures and demonstrations. The most significant fruit of this endeavour was the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics to Sir CV Raman.
ACHARYA PRAFUL CHANDRA RAY
Acharya Praful Chandra Ray was born on August 2, 1961, in the village of Ra- ruli-Katipara in Jessore district, now in Bangladesh. He was one of the finest chemists of India. He was a pure na- tionalist by thought. One of his famous quotes was,
“Science can wait; Swaraj cannot.”
He understood the role of the econ- omy for the freedom of the nation. In those days, sulphuric acid was consid- ered to be crucial. Acharya Ray ob- served that local manufacturers could
On being denied entry into Imperial Education Services, JC Bose taught in Calcutta for three years without salary in protest
only produce acid in small amounts in wasteful ways, so he assisted the Bha- duri brothers in acid production. He also started making sulphate of iron and phosphate, and calcium.
He also started a pharmaceutical company named Bengal Chemicals in 1901 as the first pharmaceutical com- pany in India. Realising the importance of ancient chemists, he wrote a book as a compendium of ancient chemistry named Hindu Chemistry. In 1924, he established the Indian Chemical Society for the popularisation of science among Indians. The society started the Journal of Indian Chemical Society. Despite his great intellect, he preferred to publish in Indian journals and inspired others also for the same.
JAGADIS CHANDRA BOSE
Jagadis Chandra Bose was one of the finest scientists of India. He worked in many dimensions, from Physics to Bota- ny. He was born on November 30, 1858, in Munshiganj, now in Bangladesh. He studied at the University of Cambridge and the University of London. After returning, he tried to join the Imperial Education Services, but he was denied the opportunity on the British belief that Indians could not think rationally and could not pursue science. To counter
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