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The Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1832
His mission was not to introduce science to India, but to revive Indian science. There were others such as PC Ray who declared, in the midst of his scientific career, that ‘science can afford to wait, but Swaraj cannot’.
What this struggle sought to create were structures of science that would work for the national interest. The struggle was directed to create alter- native support structures like societies for the dissemination of scientific and technical knowledge, create institutions and research programmes geared to the advancement of scientific knowledge, develop national views on science and technology and constitute special- ist or scientific communities towards the establishment of independent na- tional science.
The establishment of the Asiatic Society of Bengal in 1784 is considered the landmark for the institutionalisation of western science in India. Until 1828, only Europeans were elected members of the society. In 1829, the trend changed and a number of Indians were elected members, such as Dwarakanath Tagore,
The Asiatic Society of Bengal, formed in 1784, institutionalised western science in India. But,
until 1828, only Europeans were elected members of the society.
Sivchandra Das, Maharaja Baidyanath Roy, Maharaja Bunwari Govind Roy, Raja Kalikrishna Bahadur, Rajchunder Das, Ram Comul Sen and Prasanna Coomar Tagore. On December 12, 1832, Ram Comul Sen was elected Na- tive Secretary. Later, Rajendralal Mi- tra became the first Indian president of the Society in 1885. Indians could only publish 18 papers in the Journal of the Asiatic Society from 1836 to 1895. The European settlers, on the other hand, accounted for 1021 papers. But when the Indian scientists came up with their own societies, the count went up to 304 papers by 1920.
The Dawn, the magazine of Dawn Society
With the establishment of the Indian Association for Cultivation of Science (lACS) on January 15, 1876, the na- tional science was born again in India. The man behind this institution was Mahendra Lal Sircar. He was an al- lopathy doctor by training but he was a strong advocate of homoeopathy. The uniqueness of this institution was the vision of its national objective in science and autonomy from the government laid down as early as 1875. Founded with Indian collection worth Rs 61,000 — a handsome amount for the late 19th cen- tury — the IACS got a worthy start with- out the help of the colonial authorities. Sircar said: “We should endeavour to carry on the work with our own efforts, unaided by the government. I want it to be solely native and purely national”.
The greatest contribution of the lACS during the period 1876-1901 was its contribution to the development of the idea of nationalism in the cultivation of science. Soon, Pramatha Nath Bose, a member of lACS, established the Indian
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