Page 35 - Aug 2021
P. 35

         75
   The Story of India’s
Scientific & Economic
Nationalism
The battle that Indian scientists and entrepreneurs waged for Swatantrata was no less seminal than the political struggle but remains an overlooked chapter in the study of India’s freedom
Top: Queues for food during the Bengal famine of 1943; Above: Report of the 1897 famine in India in a French journal
and 1878, of 1889 and 1892, of 1897 and 1900 or in 1943, originated from ‘organised loot and legalised plunder’ by the British. And the use of science as a tool for this loot made it far more lethal. Establishment of various bod- ies for resource mapping starting with the Survey of India in 1767, within a de- cade of the Battle of Plassey, and other similar institutions in Geology, Botany, Zoology and Archaeology, observatories to support safe ocean navigation and railways to transport resources to ports all had the same purpose of wealth ex- traction. However, on many occasions, it was maliciously presented as a quest for knowledge.
“Winston sent me
a peevish telegram
to ask why Gandhi hadn’t died yet!” Wavell recorded in his diary. “He has never answered my telegram about food.”
— from Churchill’s Secret War by Madhusree Mukherje
n Vivekananda Pai
 W
ments during the Bengal famine of 1943 in a different context, loss of around 35 million lives due to famine in India during British rule is a dark chapter in human history. The many famines un- der British rule, whether during 1877
hile some quarters have tried to explain away this instance of Winston Churchill’s com-
 AUGUST, 2021 SCIENCE INDIA 35
        Images Courtesy: Internet


















































































   33   34   35   36   37