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 ment called Crescograph which could record and observe the minute responses because of external stimulants. He pur- sued research to draw a link between the animate and the inanimate in their responses to electric stimulus, and wrote his seminal work, Responses in the Liv- ing and Non-living, in 1902.
Using the Crescograph, Bose re- searched the response of the plants to fertilizers, light rays and wireless waves. But Bose took it even further, in studying the response function of metals, which showed responsive electro-motive varia- tions primarily due to the molecular dis- turbances in the system upon the flow of current through it. He also studied how the form of response curves varies with the influence of various agencies, besides highlighting that fatigue in such metal- lic systems being due to overstrain, and that this strain, with its sign of attendant fatigue, disappeared with time. Based on these studies, he put aside the vital- ists’ concept of force hypermécanique by highlighting the presence of something imitating a vital response even in metals, thereby removing the necessity to main- tain the dualism in nature between the organic and inorganic. This was the first time somebody had so brazenly used a scientific way to substantiate ideas en- capsulated in ancient Indian thought on the oneness of all reality.
The Boseian thesis, if there was ever one, was that there is no discontinuity between the living and the non-living. In a lecture-demonstration at the Royal In- stitution of Great Britain in London on May 10, 1901, he proclaimed with ref- erence to his electrographic recordings or ‘self-made records’ of metal, muscle, and plant responses to various stimuli:
“They who see but one, in all the changing manifoldness of the universe, unto them belongs Eternal Truth, unto none else, unto none else!”
Poetic effusions and philosophical detours seemed to appear quite fre- quently in his speeches and writings, though never quite in his scientific works, such as when he said that ‘even a speck of protoplasm has a faculty of choice’, which resonates with the White- headian process philosophy, in which
In researching the response of plants to various stimuli, Bose brazenly used
a scientific way to substantiate ideas encapsulated in ancient Indian thought on the oneness of all reality.
‘mind cannot be considered a mere prod- uct of human brains and neuronal firing, but is inherent in Nature’. The Rig Vedic epigraph in his 1902 monograph Re- sponse is probably the most pointed evidence alluding to his monistic philo- sophical inclinations. He pointed out that ancient Indian seers recognised that there were phenomena too subtle to detect with one’s normal senses but they did not have ‘a true recognition of the experimental side’ of science and did not develop the ‘finer instruments’ that have allowed modern science to go

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