Page 57 - Aug 2021
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       THE CALENDAR
COLLECTOR’S EDITION
Celebrating Science This Month
AUGUST 2
Acharya Sir Prafulla Chandra Ray was born on August, 2, 1861. Hailed as the Father of Chemistry in India, Ray established the country’s first pharmaceuti- cal company, the Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceu- ticals, in Calcutta in 1901
AUGUST 6
This day is observed as Hi- roshima Day annually in re- memberance of the atomic bomb dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima by the US in 1945 during the second World War.
AUGUST 7
Indian geneticist M. S. Swaminathan was born on this day in 1925 in Kumba- konam, Tamil Nadu. He is called the Father of Green Revolution in India for pioneering the development of high yielding varieties of wheat in the country.
AUGUST 8
Central University of Jammu was founded in 2011.
AUGUST 9
On this day in 1945, the US dropped the second atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Nagasaki, forcing the surrender of Japan that led to the end of the second World War in the Far East.
AUGUST 10
Rohini Technology Payload (RTP) was launched on-
board SLV-3 on its maiden flight from SHAR Centre on August 10, 1979. How- ever, it could not be placed into its intended orbit.
AUGUST 12
Since the year 2000, August 12 is observed an- nually as the International Youth Day by the United Nations, to bring attention to cultural and legal issues surrounding the youth.
Indian physicist Vikram Sarabhai, known as the Father of Indian Space Programme, was born on August 12, 1919. After the launch of Sputnik — the world’s first satellite — by erstwhile Soviet Union in 1957, Sarabhai set up the Indian National Com- mittee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) that later transformed into ISRO.
AUGUST 15
India achieved Indepen- dence from British colonial rule on August 15, 1947.
ISRO or Indian Space Research Organisation was formed on August 15, 1969, to harness space technology for national development. ISRO embarked on its mis- sion to provide the nation space-based services and
to develop technologies to achieve this independently.
AUGUST 20
Akshay Urja Day is ob- served annually in India to
raise awareness about the development of renewable energy in the country.
World Mosquito Day is observed annually to com- memorate British doctor Sir Ronald Ross’s discov- ery in 1897 that female mosquitos transmit malaria between humans. This won him the 1902 Nobel Prize in Medicine.
AUGUST 21
S. Chandrasekhar, the Indi- an-American astrophysicist who was awarded the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physics
with William A. Fowler
for “theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars,” died on August 21, 1995.
AUGUST 25
National Eye Donation Fortnight is observed every year in India from August 25 to September 8, to raise awareness about the impor- tance of eye donation.
AUGUST 26
The Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute (CGCRI) was established in Calcutta on August 26, 1950, to focus on the area of glass, ceramics, mica, refractories, etc.
AUGUST 27
The GSAT-6 was launched on August, 27, 2015, by GSAT-D6. Its mission life is about nine years.
AUGUST 29
The National Sports Day
is celebrated every year
on August 29 to mark the birth anniversary of India’s greatest hockey player ever, Major Dhyan Chand. Born on August 29, 1905, in Allahabad, Dhyan Chand was instrumental in India winning the gold medal at the 1928, 1932 and 1936 Olympics.
IRS-1B was launched on August 29, 1991, from Baikonur Cosmodrome in erstwhile USSR by the Vostok rocket.
AUGUST 30
National Small Industry Day is observed annu-
ally on August 30 to support and promote small industries for their overall growth potential.
GSAT-7 was launched on August 30, 2013, from Kourou in French Guyana by Ariane-5 VA-215 rocket.
INSAT-1B was launched on August 30, 1983.
Swami Kuvalayananda, a researcher and educator who is primarily known for his pioneering research into the scientific foundations of yoga, was born on August, 30, 1883, in Gujarat. He published the first scien- tific journal specifically dedicated to studying yoga, titled Yoga Mimamsa,
in 1924.
August
 2021
          Contributed by Surbhi Agrawal and Rajeev Singh (University of Delhi)
 58 SCIENCE INDIA
AUGUST, 2021
             












































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