Page 52 - ScienceIndia Magazine March 2021
P. 52

Mangalyaan-2 to be an
orbiter mission
Chief of Indian Space Research Or- ganisation (ISRO) K Sivan said India would send a second Mars mission and this would likely be an orbiter. It is not yet known when this mission,
ISRO’s Mangalyaan-2 will be an orbiter mission
named Mangalyaan-2, will be ready. Mangalyaan-2 will be undertaken only after the launch of Chandrayaan-3, India’s upcoming Moon mission. ISRO would be aiming to land a rover on
the lunar surface in Chandrayaan-3 mission, which has been delayed due to the coronavirus-induced pandemic. It is expected that the mission will lift off in 2022.
Indian-American scientist plays key role in Perseverance landing Indian-American scientist Dr Swati Mohan has been a significant part
of NASA’s ambitious Mars mission involving the Perseverance Rover. As the curiosity rover soft-landed on the surface of the moon last month, after spending seven months in space and surviving a tricky plunge in Martian sparse atmosphere, Dr Mohan was the first to confirm the historic feat. “Touchdown confirmed! Perseverance is safely on the surface of Mars, ready to begin seeking the signs of past life,”
Indian-American scientist Dr Swati Mohan is part of NASA’s Mars mission
Dr Mohan announced as the rover landed on the Martian soil.
India plans to have sustained human presence in space
India plans to have a sustained human presence in space and is coming out with a policy framework and a long- term roadmap.
The Department of Space (DoS) has envisaged a national effort to meet the goal of successful demonstration of human spaceflight capability and to achieve the vision of sustained hu- man presence in space. India’s human spaceflight module Gaganyaan will be
launched after the second unmanned mission planned in 2022-23.
Indian astronomers detect
huge optical flare
Indian astronomers detect huge optical flare in one of the oldest astronomical objects — BL Lacertae blazar. In a ma- jor achievement that can help analyse and lead to probing of mysteries and tracing of events at different stages
of the Universe’s evolution, Indian astronomers have reported one of the strongest flares from a feeding super massive black hole or blazar called BL Lacertae. In a notification, the Depart- ment of Science and Technology said the analysis of Indian astronomers’ report can help trace the source of emission and mass of the black hole.
Eighth standard student from Andhra identifies asteroid
Kunchala Kyvalya Reddy has bagged a certificate from International Astronomical Search Collaboration (IASC) for ‘provisional discovery’ of an asteroid. The 12-year-old hailing
from Andhra Pradesh analysed the photographs clicked through the PAN STARRS telescope and identified an asteroid. The asteroid was located in the belt between the planets Jupiter and Mars. She got the training at the New Delhi-based Space Port India Foundation.
New light on ancient Buddhist
monks’ diet
Archaeological findings at Vadnagar in Gujarat (PM Narendra Modi’s hometown) suggest that two millennia ago, Buddhist monks fed on a diet of rice and legumes such as peas, pulses and beans. This was stated in a paper authored by Anil Pokharia from Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences, Shalini Sharma and P C Pande from Kumaon University, Y S Rawat from the Directorate of Archaeology, Gu- jarat, Alka Shrivastava from DG Col- lege, Kanpur, and Bhushan Dighe from National Museum, New Delhi. The archaeological samples were collected from two sites near an excavated mon- astery in Vadnagar after going through hundreds of kilograms of excavated earth, informed Y S Rawat.
Himalayan glaciers melting
twice as fast
The Himalayan glaciers are melting twice as fast since the start of the 21st century because of rising temperatures. The mighty Himalayas are losing over a vertical foot-and-half of ice each
The Himalayas are losing more than a foot of ice annually
year. This would affect the water sup- ply for millions of people in countries fed by Himalayan rivers, including India. The glaciers may have lost as much as a quarter of their enormous mass over the past four decades.

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